Monday, September 30, 2019
Earliest American writers were Englishmen who came to Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the permanent settlements of the English in America. These writers included John Smith, the author of A True Relation of Such Occurrences and Accidents of Note as Hath Hapned in Virginia Since the First Planting of that Colony, which is now resident in the South part thereof, till the last returne from thence; William Stratchey, author of True repertory of the wreck and redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, July fifteenth, sixteen hundred and ten; and the famous English poet, George Sandys, who completed OvidÃ¢â¬â¢s Metamorphosis on the American soil (Ã¢â¬Å"Early Colonial LiteratureÃ¢â¬ ). Since none of these writers were acquainted with American culture as we know it, their works must be considered English literature composed on the American soil. Although SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s A True Relation was a letter written to his friend in England, it is literary in the modern sense of the word. Like other pieces of historical literature, A True Relation is educational for the modern reader. What is more, the writerÃ¢â¬â¢s arrangement of the narrative is rather vibrant, making it by no means appear as everyday writing (Smith). Like Smith, Stratchey also wrote for readers back in England but his writing style was more masterful. Describing a shipwreck on the way to America, he writes, Ã¢â¬Å"The clouds gathering thick upon us, and the winds singing and whistling most unusuallyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Stratchey). In fact, StratcheyÃ¢â¬â¢s style is poetic throughout his work, rendering it not only literary but a work of art (Stratchey). Of course, SandysÃ¢â¬â¢ translation of the Metamorphosis is incomparable. It continues to be a well-known piece of literature composed on the American soil by one of the first Englishmen to arrive in Jamestown bringing the spirit of the true English poet to the New World (Sandys). Because all three writers came from England carrying their own culture to the American soil, their works composed in America were entirely English. Moreover, all three writings mentioned were first published in England. Perusing these interesting, skillfully composed writings leaves no doubt in the modern readerÃ¢â¬â¢s mind that these works are literary indeed. Hence, earliest American literature must be described as English and literary. Works Cited Ã¢â¬Å"Early Colonial Literature. Ã¢â¬ Bibliomania: Free Online Literature and Study Guides. 11 Jan 2009. . Sandys, George. George Sandys, OvidÃ¢â¬â¢s Metamorphosis (1632). 11 Jan 2009. . Smith, John. A True Relation of Such Occurrences and Accidents of Note as Hath Hapned in Virginia Since the First Planting of that Colony, which is now resident in the South part thereof, till the last returne from thence. 11 Jan 2009. . Stratchey, William. True repertory of the wreck and redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, July fifteenth, sixteen hundred and ten. 11 Jan 2009. .
Sunday, September 29, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"We are very near to greatness: one step and we are safe ; can we not make that leap? Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â Ralph Waldo Emerson Emerson speaks of a greatness that I believe is inherent in every human being. It may sometimes feel like it is jus beyond the reach of your fingers; just outside the bounds of your imagination. You may feel like you are on the verge of some monumental breakthrough, but for some reason that change doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t occur. Greatness is not something that you try to attain through some specific avenue, or any specialized field of work, but rather a quality within yourself that you need only become aware of. It cannot be measured by possessions, financial status, or even certain achievements that society deems to be great. I can only attempt to convey the meaning of greatness by describing the effects of its presence in your life. Each day is met with a sense of purpose, as is each action within that day. Joy and hapiness are your predominant emotions, and are produced from a sense of peace within. You have the ability to manifest your desires, and the direction of your life is dictated by your imagination, rather than what appears to be going on around you. Thinking abundantly, you are more focused on giving rather than receiving, for you know that it is in giving you receive. You see greatness in everyone, because to see it within yourself, you must recognize it in others. We live in a world where people expect things outside of themselves to bring them fulfillment. This can only lead to a feeling of emptiness, and constant striving. You must affirm your greatness to yourself. This is not an affirmation from the standpoint that you are superior to others, but from the recogntion of a power that runs through all existence. See yourself as great , and great things will begin to appear in your life.
Saturday, September 28, 2019
The Leader's role in effective governance of organisations - Essay Example Among humans leaders appear in a variety of roles and include politics, business, religion, and other social factors. In such a scenario, absence of effective leadership will eventually lead to the destruction or at least decay in a group or society. Due to their superior intelligence, many styles and forms of leadership have evolved in the world of humans. This has also resulted in leadership being the subject of study by various scholars and theorists over a period of time. This paper is a study of leadership and corporate responsibility in business organizations and will look at a broad range of features, factors, and issues with regard to its influence in an organizational setting. Corporate governance is of great importance and focus in the world of business today. Undoubtedly, it has become one of the hot topics for writers and academicians. However, there is no consensus as to what constitutes CG. An academic paper points out, in this context that Ã¢â¬Å"Most academics, business professionals, and lay observers would agree that CG is defined as the general set of customs, regulations, habits, and laws that determine to what end a firm should be run. Much more fraught, however, is the question: Ã¢â¬Å"what defines good corporate governanceÃ¢â¬ Ã (Corporate Governance, 2006)?Ã Corporations unlike its smaller counterparts like sole proprietorships, partnerships, and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are much larger and hence more complex to govern. Even though no owner or partner can avoid the concept of good governance, the consequences of a smaller firm being unsuccessful due to poor practices is much lower when compared to larger corporations. One o f the main reasons is that the number of stakeholders who are affected is comparatively huge in the case of corporations. In this case, the stakeholders are comprised of the employees, the shareholders, the local governing bodies, the creditors, other contractual partners, any
Friday, September 27, 2019
Organisational Development and change (Managment Psychology) - Dissertation Example ndustry since September 2008. Pettigrew et al (2001) stated there are six interconnected analytical issues that should be kept in mind when studying change or development in an organisation. These issues are as follows: (a) Multiple levels of contexts and analysis (b) The inclusion of time, history process and action (c) The link between change processes and organisational performance and outcomes (d) Receptivity, customisation, pace, sequencing and episodic versus the continuous change process (e) Cross-cultural comparisons in research, and (f) The partnership between scholars and practitioners in studying change Keeping these six principles in mind, the changes that have taken place in the mobile phone industry since September 2008 are examined closely. The focus is on understanding the motivations and the reasoning behind these changes. September 2008 was chosen as the starting point because this was when a global recession had just set in that also affected the UK economy. This t herefore allows examining the impact of these external changes in the environment on the mobile phone companies and their impact on the strategy formation in these organisations. The organisations chosen for examination are Apple, Nokia, Samsung and HTC. One possible key source of information could be their annual reports, as this would detail changes in strategy that have taken place. It would also give an insight into the direct impact these changes have had on the organisationsÃ¢â¬â¢ performance, and could help to identify the nature of the change processes, i.e. is the change episodic or continuous in nature? Another set of sources that could provide more insight are statements, letters and interviews from the leadership of these organisations. These could provide an insight into how the organisation perceives its own progress in contrast to its competitors and the future direction the organisation is striving to take. The perception of these changes in the press shall also be examined by looking at the relevant business resources. These changes in strategy formation shall be examined and the impact these changes have produced shall be explored by looking at the relevant sources mentioned in the methods section. It would be necessary to explore more the nature of the change, and the comments and interviews from the leadership of these organisations should provide a better understanding of the reasons and motivations behind their respective strategies. Method of study This will be an Internet resource based study only. It is therefore a non-participant contact study. The idea is to examine the organisationsÃ¢â¬â¢
Thursday, September 26, 2019
The Causes and Impact of the Aryan Migration to India - Research Paper Example A number of them have gone to Greece and some others to Iran and Afghanistan. From the eastern parts, the Aryans moved to India. The complete process of the Aryan migration has happened between BC 2000 to 1500. Ã¢â¬Å"In the later 20th century, ideas were refined, and migration and acculturation were seen as the methods whereby Indo-Aryans spread into northwest India around 1500 BC. These changes were thought to be in line with changes in thinking about language transfer in general, such as the migration of the Greeks into Greece (between 2100 and 1600 BC), or the Indo-Europeanization of Western Europe (between 2200 and 1300 BC)Ã¢â¬ (Indo-Aryan Migration para. 2). Aryans are arrived India from the North West side and firstly settled in the territories among the branches of the River Indus. So that there we can see in excess of 1200 such kind of migrant Aryans. One of the highest Civilizations that we can see in the period of 3000 to 1500 BC is the Indus Valley civilizations. Aryan s launched a social caste scheme and that is called as the Varna Vyastha which separated the citizens into 4 groups, that are, Brahmin, Vaishya, Kshatriya andÃ Shudra. Ã Causes of Aryan migration to India: There are many causes to migrate Aryains to India. Main causes of Aryan migration to India included the fall in temperature, the stress applied by the yellow-skinned ethnic groups in the north areas and scarcity of food. Ã¢â¬Å"The main thrust of Aryan migration was probably south of the terai region where the tributaries of the river Ganga must have dwindled to the point that they could be easily crossed and where the dry forest could be burned downÃ¢â¬ (Kulke & Rothermund). The Agni, Aryan fire god was credited with the achievement of colonizing this earth for the Aryans. They closed at the river Gandakk which goes in the plains north of current Gorakhpur and links the Ganga. Unlike the extra tributaries additional to the west, this river looks to have been still comple te of good water for the reason that the Aryans named it sadanira and their blessed texts statement that the land beyond was swampy. Only some audacious pioneers crossed the gandak in due course with no the support of Agni. With the development of royal power in the Aryan kingdoms to the west of the river gandak, escape to the unrestrained east may have been attractive to those Aryans who favored the more democratic tribal organization of previous times to the double tutelage of kings and their Brahmin priests. In the end, Brahmins also crosses the waterway gandak and were greeting there if they did not maintain on subverting the tribal organization by consecrating kings everywhere. Ã¢â¬Å"Aryan culture is a development of the Indus valley culture whose language belongs to the indo European family, possibly spoken in the region as far back as the Neolithic period, in interaction with Dravidian cultureÃ¢â¬ (Flood 31). Impact of Aryan Migration to India: Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ar yan migration to India created lot of impact to the Indian culture. Many of the scholars made so many arguments regarding the migration of Aryans to India. Ã¢â¬Å"There are several possible arguments against the idea of Aryan invasions. According to the invasion theory, the Aryans were a group of primitive nomads who came out of Central Asia with chariots, iron weapons, and superior battle tactics; and thus overthrew the Indus
Wednesday, September 25, 2019
Restorative Justice - Research Paper Example Restorative justice according to some scholars is the opposite of retributive justice since they differ in terms of characteristics, values, and outcomes of the legal process (Daly, 2002). Unlike retributive justice, restorative justice encourages offenders to take responsibilities for their wrongdoing and help them address the causes of their behavior and gives them an opportunity to make the rights their wrong. Miller and Iovanni (2013) supports that restorative justice is presented as a forward-looking problem solving approach to crime that involves the parties themselves and the community in active relationship with various agencies that help solve the crime. It brings victims and offenders in contact with each other thus giving victims an opportunity to get answers to questions that are direct concern to the parties in the disputes. Restorative justice process presents the offenders with the opportunity to offer an apology to their victims thus giving offenders chance to make am ends for their wrongdoing. Restorative justice applies as a single set of principles that allows victims, offenders, and communities to have participatory roles in matters that are of direct concern to them. ... According to Miers (2004), the restorative justice system places all at the mercy of the judicial process unlike retributive justice that only places the victim at the mercy of the judicial system. Stubbs (2007) also adds that the potential advantage of utilizing the restorative justice system is that it allows a victim empowerment and input as a means of addressing the harm caused to the victim. In restorative justice models, the victims have a voice and participate fully hence enable him or her to address all the issues surrounding the case (Daly, 2002). The offender may get to participate fully in the process unlike in other trials where he just sits in the dock to answer questions arising from the charges raised against him. The environment in restorative justice also differs with the environment in other forms of justice. The environment is restorative justice is more communicative and flexible than the courtroom environment making both parties feel comfortable during justice de livery system. According to Rodriges (2007), the direct engagement with the harm caused through communication with the victim has a greater potential for resolution and restoration in the dispute. He adds that through a less formal environment, the process allows for more individualized approach to the needs of the victims while offering a less threatening environment that may interfere with the justice delivery process. The restorative model of justice delivery is a very flexible model for the victims can choose to have a direct role in the restoration process. The results is that the process is less victimizing than the courtrooms and the offenders find themselves in the face with the direct
Tuesday, September 24, 2019
Corporate and global strategy - Essay Example In the first quarter of year 2007, Toyota has been able to sell more number of cars than GM, pushing GM at the second place for the first time (USA Today, 2007). GM is headquartered in Detroit, Michigan and employs about 335,000 people. The brands include Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, GM Daewoo, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saab, Saturn and Vauxhall. GM recorded revenues worth $192,604 million during the fiscal year ended December 2005. GM also owns equity partnerships in some regional subsidiaries and joint ventures like New United Motor Manufacturing (NUMMI), Suzuki Motor Corporation, Isuzu Motors, Shanghai GM, SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Company and CAMI Automotive (Datamonitor, 2006). The car market has indeed become very competitive, with major players like GM, Ford, Toyota, Audi, BMW, VW etc. vying for the international market, besides a number of local players in the car market. With technology playing a major role in advancements of the features in a car, ICT helping in making the care more intelligent, marketing communication techniques have started playing a major role in convincing the customer. General Motors has also outlined plans for ICT needs of its cares and the company has signed deals worth $15bn (Ã £8.5bn) for the next five years with IBM, HP, EDS, Capgemini, Compuware Covisint and Wipro (Brown, 2006). General Motors has also unveiled E-Flex electric architecture, configured with GMs newest, most efficient hydrogen fuel cell system to date, at the recently held Shanghai Auto Show (GM, 2007). Company believes that the fuel cell technology has the potential to be a competitive alternative to the internal combustion engine - in size, performance, du rability and cost. Internationalization provides an opportunity for the company to plan out moves for a wider spectrum of customer base. Strategic decisions are concerned with the issue of setting a direction for the
Monday, September 23, 2019
The Discovery of White Collar Crime - Essay Example Ã¢â¬Å"White collar crime tends to refer to crimes committed at a business by a businessman or womanÃ¢â¬ , (Conjecture Corporation, 2011). Sutherland, in his December 27, 1939 speech, asserted the fact that when people are surrounding by individuals who have criminal behavior, they are more likely to get involved in criminal activities. This called for the justice system to pose punishments upon these white collar criminals; however, these punishments will be mush lenient from those given to violent criminals because white collar criminals are not actually aggressive criminals who commit crime in series. Schlegel and Weisburd (1994, p.4) state that when Sutherland brought forward the concept, he was himself very much confused about the idea because he used words like Ã¢â¬Å"respectability, high social status, and occupationÃ¢â¬ , in his definition. ... ed either through computer or through paper, is often committed by people belonging to the middle class or the upper class because people get influenced by their origins. And since they belong to high social status, the crime may go undetected and if at all detected, then the criminals are able to hire expensive lawyers to defend their cases and they are also kept in prisons that have minimum security measures. Thus, they enjoy freedom even in their prisons. Why a white collar crime is considered as less punishable than violent crimes is still questionable because many white collar crimes tend to be more harmful to the people. If a white collar criminal steals all the funds that included peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s savings of their lives, then the victims are made to lose everything if the money is not recovered. But they are still punished less and are given many concessions as compared to other criminals because they belong to a higher socio-economic status. According to FBI, Ã¢â¬Å"White-coll ar crimes cost the United States more than $300 billion annuallyÃ¢â¬ (Karri & Associates, 2006). The concept of white collar crimes changes the way criminologists studied crime. Before this phenomenon, they looked at crime as an activity which can only be performed by street muggers and people belonging to lower social class. But after this concept was introduced, the rich and the poor, all were considered equal in the case of criminal activities. Thus, Sutherland was able to bring the powerful people at an equal status with the poor in the eyes of the Court of Justice and made sure that the rich people do not escape punishment due to their powerful political connections and strong financial position. Sutherland and His Contributions Sutherland pondered upon the concept when he took his sociological
Sunday, September 22, 2019
Milwaukee Emergency Center for Animals - Case Study Example It is open for emergencies, critical care for animals and surgery. The hospital endeavors in serving the critical health needs of animals with time as of the essence. Previously, the center served as an overnight emergency clinic for pet owners and veterinarians in the local area of Milwaukee and became the first 24 hour emergence and critical care referral center in the state in 1984. 1991 came with the addition of emergency and critical care specialists, surgery and internal medicine doctors to the care givers (Marla, 4). The center moved to another building facility in West Silver Spring Business District in 1999. The building covers more than 13, 800 feet squared with a large waiting room plus four examination rooms. The building has three surgical suites and 41 cage intensive care units and many other functional rooms like isolation unitsÃ¢â¬â¢ laboratories and imaging rooms. Most of the rooms, officially opened in June, 2009 have transparent glass walls to let their customers and veterinarians to keep their eyes on the procedural treatment of their pets and animals. The emergency care hospital has well over 35 staff, which includes an emergency and critical care specialist. ... Information research The team had to submit a questionnaire containing only questions relevant to study in the efforts to get information on the company. This served as a pre-visit to the company which helped the owner and the administrator to prepare in advance. This also helped to avoid any inconveniences that would come in because the team would have interfered with the programs at the center. Some of the questions that we submitted were to find out some of the challenges incurred in running such a large facility, the response of the immediate community towards the establishment of the facility in the area, the revenues, their products and services and other operating processes. The group planned for the interview to be conducted by two of the members and to ask open ended questions to different people in the company in order to get their views. The best resource on this area was Dr. Lichtenberger who is the owner of the facility and the administrator, Frank Mahler. They answered the questions both directly and expressing their views about the hospital in general. Since we organized the interviews in a way that each group comprised of two members, one member of each group asked questions, while the other one did the recording of the answers through taking notes. We had two groups each interviewing the owner of the hospital and the hospital administrator independently, after which we compared the responses. The members were to be principally sensitive to the kind of job that goes on in the hospital and use their observatory instincts in partly collecting information. The members had to look at other areas to get other information about the hospital, including the hospital
Saturday, September 21, 2019
Cypop 24 Essay Phonics enables children to experience regular, planned opportunities to listen and talk about what they hear, see and do. Phonics is a six phase learning programme that is incorporated within nurseries and primary schools. It enables children to blend phonemes for reading and segmenting for spellings. Phase one is aimed at the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) as it falls within the communication, language and literacy section. This phase recognises the importance of developing speaking and listening skills. This enables children to start a systematic programme then they are more likely to succeed. Within nurseries and primary school they carry out jolly phonics. Jolly phonics enables the children to learn the sounds of letters, this can be incorporated within a song to represent each letter of the alphabet for example for a you say; A A A Ants up my arm, you would say this doing a pinching movement up one of your arms. Within jolly phonics there are five skills that are taught, these include; learning the letter sounds this is when children are taught the 42 main letter sounds. This includes alphabet sounds as well as digraphs such as sh, th, ai and ue. Learning letter formation this is when children are able to use different multi-sensory methods, they learn how to form and write the letters. Blending is when children are taught how to blend the sounds together to read and write new words. Identifying the sounds in words (Segmenting) is when the children are able to listen for the sounds in words gives children the best start for improving spelling. And then there is tricky words, Tricky words have irregular spellings and children learn these separately away from the other words. Jolly phonics helps to support children by learning within a fun environment. http://jollylearning. co. uk/overview-about-jolly-phonics/ Phase 2 is the beginning of the systematic programme. These phonics are best being taught in short, discrete daily sessions. Stage 2 starts with an approach to start learning some letter formations e. g. Ã¢â¬ËSÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËAÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËTÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËPÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËNÃ¢â¬â¢. Within settings this could be incorporated by burring letters in sand of bubbles for the children to find and tell you what sound that letter makes and then put it back in for other children to find. The systematic programs are not designed to control the teachers but to control the presentation of information in order to help children manage and master the complexities of our language. The purpose of a systematic program is to help the child learn. Ã¢â¬â¢ http://www. righttrackreading. com/dsphonics. html Phase three completes the teaching of th e alphabet and helps children to move on to sounds that consist of more than one letter e. g. Ã¢â¬ËheÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËtheÃ¢â¬â¢. Phase four enables children to learn to read and spell words containing adjacent consonants, e. . Ã¢â¬ËtheÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËblackÃ¢â¬â¢ within the word black, Ã¢â¬ËblÃ¢â¬â¢ are adjacent consonants because they are two different consonants containing different sounds whereas Ã¢â¬ËckÃ¢â¬â¢ at the end of the word black arenÃ¢â¬â¢t adjacent consonants because both letters contain the same sound. Some children may pick up phonics really well and may need this stage earlier than other, in which case they should not be held back. Phase five extends graphemes and phonemes. Graphemes are the names of all the individual letters in the alphabet, phonemes are the sounds the letters make. It shows children that words may sound the same but are spelt differently with different meaning e. g. meet and meat. Phase six should enable children to read automatically usually spellings lag behind reading, so children may still find it difficult to read. Spelling needs children to recall the word from memory and recompose it without being able to see it. Children who are in secondary school aged between 11-16 carry out spelling activities. During nursery and primary school they learnt the basic phonics to help them read, write and spell. Spelling help to further develop each child and young personÃ¢â¬â¢s skills. For example within my setting I was working with the nurture group and they received ten spellings every week. Most of the children within the nurture group had SLCN. The children with SLCN always struggled with their spellings, so therefore I provided my support to whoever wanted it. All the spellings they received every week had the same sound in common, e. g. heat, meat, cheat, great. All of these words have Ã¢â¬ËeatÃ¢â¬â¢ in common. Within my support I explain to the children that the words may sound differently but the spellings they always received had sounds in common so therefore pointing this out they was able to think of the starting of the word and knew each work has the same sound in and was then able to achieve more marks out of ten on their spellings. This helped to boost their confidence and self-esteem because they knew they could do it. Young people that attend college and university aged between 16-25 may carry out key skills/functional skills. Once you leave school and set out to go to college, there are some skills that young people are going to be better knowing and understanding than not having those skills. Once young people have learnt them, then their day-to-day life will be a lot easier. Whatever children and young people do their going to have to know how to communicate and work with numbers, because literacy and numeracy are a very important when wanting a job as they are a must. Children and young people are going to need to know the basics when it comes to ICT. When young people are ready to apply for jobs or college courses, they canÃ¢â¬â¢t just state what they are good and arenÃ¢â¬â¢t good at, they will need to prove it. They can do this by completing a set of courses that assess how well they do at the skills they need to get their dream job. These set of course are called Key Skills. These courses include; communication, application of number, information and communication technology (ICT), problem solvi ng, improving own learning and performance, and working with others. These skills will help children and young people to further develop their skills. If young people have SLCN then they may receive support to complete these skills to enable them to go on to college or to get a job. | Adults can help to extend the speech, language and communication development by simply involving them in conversations using a child language instead of an adult language. This enables the children to understand you more when you ask them questions. For example if you asked Ã¢â¬ËHow are you feeling today? they may not fully understand as it is a complex question whereas if you asked Ã¢â¬ËAre you okay? Ã¢â¬â¢ this is a simpler question and will be easier for them to understand. If you interact children with SLCN they are more likely to improve their vocabulary and social communication because they are involved within an activity and may start to communicate with other children without really noticing. Adults could also work with parents/carers by communicating with them and possibly sending SLCN activities home with the child or young person to complete at home with their parent/carer. This enables the parent/carer to see where their child is at within their development and also enables them to help their child further develop their skills. Phonics, spellings and key skills all have positive effects on a child and young personÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Phonics enables children to understand the names and sounds of letters and help them learn to read, write and spell. Learning phonics enables them to progress through primary school to secondary school. Being able to read and write enables the children and young people to complete their work and their SATÃ¢â¬â¢s. Completing spellings enables children and young people to develop their writing skills and their vocabulary as they may know how to spell a word without maybe knowing that it is a word. Key skills effects young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives because it teaches them six different skills to help them apply for college courses and gain a further education to get a job that they want. Doing all of these things is improving their speech, language and communication needs and also their vocabulary. 3. 3 Ã¢â¬â Apply research evidence to planning an environment that supports speech, language and communication Within my work setting I worked closely with children with additional needs. Within my work setting we always got told that if a child I was there to support was getting too frustrated within lessons to remove them from that lesson and take them to a calmer and quieter environment and work 1:1 with that child. For example child T has SLCN and he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t like noise and gets frustrated and distracted very easily so my setting enables him to receive brain breaks which enables him to leave the classroom with his TA and have a little walk and a drink to calm him down until he feels ready to return to the classroom. If he feels he canÃ¢â¬â¢t go back to the classroom because of the atmosphere then it is down to the TA to return to the classroom and collect the work he needs to complete and liaise with the class teacher to inform them how child T is feeling and wanting to complete his work in a quieter environment as he feels he will work better and will be able to complete his work to a better standard. When a child is removed to a quieter environment the work is broken down into small steps for them to complete one after another. This enables the child or young person to understand the work and remain on task as they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t get frustrated because they donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand it. Providing these sessions with child T enables him to enjoy coming to school as he knows if he starts to struggle then staff can make it easier for him. This also enables him to achieve his set targets within his lessons as we are providing support for him to complete his work.
Friday, September 20, 2019
Indias Media And Entertainment Industry Indian Television has a rich and varied history. From black and white, subdued broadcasts 40 years ago to the colourful, sometimes flamboyant soaps and sitcoms of today, it has grown by leaps and bounds. What used to be considered a luxury most people can live without has now become such an essential part of our lives. The first experiment with television broadcasting in India involved a makeshift studio at Akashvani Bhavan in New Delhi, a low-power transmitter and 21 television sets, most of which were installed in the homes of various bureaucrats and ministers. These sets were gifts from a western European government. From these humble beginnings, television has reached a stage where every household, from a CEOs to an auto-rikshaw drivers, has a colour telelvision. Currently, there are about 160 satellite channels broadcasting in India, earning revenues of more than Rs. 79 bn from advertising alone. If one were to add all the other avenues of earning revenue, such as cable advertising, DTH subscriptions, etc, the industry becomes one worth Rs. 185 bn. This figure is also a very conservative one, proving the massive scope for the television and entertainment industry in India. Satellite television has evolved greatly over the years. From a meagre 16% coverage by area (21% coverage by population) in 1980, it extended to 66% coverage by area (83% coverage by population) in 1995. These statistics are only higher 15 years on. The first breakthrough for television in India came in 1982, when the state allowed colour televisions to be bought and sold, to coincide with the Asian Games, which were hosted in India. Due to the immense load predicted on transmitter capacity, the state also allowed private companies to install the extra transmitters. This allowed the private sector to venture forth into this industry. Secondly, when global satellite TV channels such as CNN and ESPN were allowed to broadcast in the nineties, peoples perceptions about content and coverage were revised. They became aware of the variety of programming available, and as a result, awareness and interest was sparked. Once the floodgates were opened, more and more foreign channels penetrated the Indian market. From two generic channels in the 80s, the 90s paved the way to over 50 of them. This led to a boom in the cable TV provider segment and the rise of MSOs and cable TV cartels. Currently, the world of televisions has seen another revolution : direct-to-home (DTH) and the rise of set-top boxes. Companies such as Tata-Sky, Reliance, Airtel, DD, etc. have come out with digital television experiences that have broken the back of the cable-wallahs. A small, one time deposit of Rs. 5000 is all that is needed to experience the kind of television quality that was longed for in the time of over tapped cables (as cable operators repeatedly tapped the same cable source for multiple connections, the signal got progressively worse). Another wonderful addition to the experience was the fact that the consumer could finally pick and choose which channels he/she wanted to watch, instead of having to leave that to the whims and fancies of the cable operator. TV viewership has boomed since 2005 or so, when the DTH services first set up shop. In terms of type of content viewed, the evolution is even more striking. In the days of Doordarshans two channel hegemony, the only shows watched were the limited content Prasar Bharati beamed. Entertainment programmes were few and far between. And when the solitary few soaps like Hum Log (1984), and mythological dramas: Ramayan (1987-88) and Mahabharat (1988-89) were televised, millions of viewers stayed glued to their sets. However, as happens in most cases, viewership declined with time. The need for further variety in content was deeply felt. As mentioned earlier, the opening up of foreign content in the nineties paved the way for a HUGE variety of programming. Not only was it possible to watch news that was relevant to the rest of the world, it also became possible for any viewer to watch entertainment shows that were staple in other countries. Sport also grew out of the hegemony of cricket, and football, athletics, racing, etc. gained viewership. The Indian consumer had finally come of age. Preferred Content : Presently, Indian viewership is extremely fragmented and unpredictable. A formula that works today could be absolutely worthless tomorrow. This unpredictability is every content generators nightmare. There are no past trends that can be trusted. As such, the content variety has shot up immensely. Indian viewers still love their soaps. The same stories that they grew up watching, those of families broken and reunited, love killing and giving life, crime paying and then collecting, are still a winning formula. What needs to change are the faces, and the way those messages are delivered. While old soaps such as Sansaar or Shanti would show these stories calmly and with far fewer effects, current day soaps are rife with glitter, pizzazz, sound effects and emotions. Everything in todays soaps happens at the speed of light. The stories have caught up with the times and reflect the pace of life as it stands today. A new fad in the industry is the Reality show. These are shows that involve real people, not actors, who perform for the entertainment of millions. From talent competitions to dare-devilry, the permutations for these shows are endless, and most have been explored by now. An import from the west, reality television has achieved new highs in India. Not only has this form of programming broken all records for viewership, clever marketing and commercial tie-ups have also brought in a very large amount of money in the form of mobile services revenue. Telecom operators frequently tie up with the producers of the show to provide value added services. The audience, on whose participation this entire genre depends, will vote and decide the fate of the candidates on the show by dialling/sending a text message. This call/text is charged at a premium, thus making both the producers of the show and the telecom operator a hefty sum of money. Sports have not been left untouched, either. Cricket still remains the fan favourite, but the influx of channels such as ESPN and Star Sports has opened the Indian viewers eyes to more exotic fare. Now, football viewership is on the rise. Clubs such as Manchester United, AC Milan and Chelsea have started making their presence felt, not only in the living rooms of the urban youth, but also in the football academies in tier 2 cities. Formula One racing is also racing up the popularity charts, with people now being able to differentiate between a diffuser and a spoiler. The inaugural Indian Grand Prix, to be held in 2011, is testament to the growing popularity of this sport. Other examples, such as tennis, athletics, etc. are also to be made. Another interesting trend is the rise of sexually loaded content in contemporary Indian television. Item numbers in movies, channels dedicated to showing fashion shows of underwear models and even advertisements point to this rising trend. While the world shrinks, cultures once perceived to be too foreign or too alien to ours have started becoming acceptable. Sex on TV has long been debated over, but the reality is that it is nothing more than a relic of a flattening world. What was once the property of seedy businessmen in video rental stores has become commonplace. Whether this is good or bad is for the viewer to decide. The censorship board, too, has a role to play in this debate. What lies in store : The future for Indian television appears bright indeed. There is a very large, untapped market for it in rural India. Also, per capita viewership in India is only about half that of the United States. What is uncertain, however, is the medium of viewership. Current cable technology is extremely outdated, and newer satellite TV technology is still suffering from teething issues. With the rise of broadband internet, experts believe IPTV is the future. Or, in a humorous twist, it is also possible that satellite TV can be used to offer broadband internet connectivity. The possibilities are endless. Most viewers will, however, be watching their TV mainly via cable, terrestrial and direct to home television delivered via satellite. Cable TV infrastructure will have improved. Addressability also will have made its mark and consumers will be surfing their television sets for emails and for information. Free-to-air television will, however, continue to rule the roost but tiering will have made its mark and people will be buying their pay per view programmes and choosing the channels they want watch unlike today when everything is thrown at them with a shovel.
Thursday, September 19, 2019
Comparing the Text and the Two Filmed Versions of Jane Austen's Emma Ã After reading Jane Austen's Emma, then viewing the BBC production and Miramax films based on the novel one can understand why most authors are horrified over the translation of their novels into film.Ã The two film versions are quite different from one another, but both take such liberties with the original text as to wonder why the film makers of each even bothered with Austen's work.Ã The BBC production encompasses more of the tone and atmosphere of the text, the polite, mannered, upper-class social milieu of Victorian England than does the Miramax version, but both make interpretations of the text that belie the filmmakers' agenda than they do of Austen's own.Ã The films are different from the novel in many ways, including characterization, setting, action, dialogue and theme.Ã For example, the Miramax version of Emma with Gwyneth Paltrow portrays an Emma who is more like cupid armed with the bow of modern feminism.Ã In the BBC version, Emma is not portrayed as ligh tly and as humorous.Ã Instead, she is turned into a bantering harpy who lacks much of the charm of Austen's Emma.Ã This analysis will compare the first chapter of Emma with the corresponding opening scene in each film.Ã By doing so, we will see not only many differences among them (including some obtrusive additions on behalf of the films), but we will also see how the filmmakers differed in their interpretation of Austen's original. The opening scene of each film directly corresponds to the first chapter of Austen's novel.Ã In the text this chapter describes Emma Woodhouse as spoiled and self-willed, convinced she knows what is right for other people particularly when it comes to affairs... ...express all the ideology of modern day feminism.Ã Unfortunately, neither of these scenarios is faithful to the scenario of an unconventional Victorian woman as portrayed by a Victorian female author.Ã This is not to say that the filmed versions of Emma are not entertaining or without merit in their own right.Ã rather, it is to suggest that instead of faithfully recreating Austen's work, the filmmakers felt it necessary to add their own personal interpretations of the work, modern interpretations that serve to undermine Austen's text.Ã Like the tightly controlled, oppressive environment of Victorian England, Austen's Emma is best understood from within the confines the ideology of that elitist microcosm, not through the lens of modern interpreters who try to impose their own values on it. WORKSÃ CITED Austen, J.Ã Emma.Ã F. A. Thorpe Ltd., Great Britain, 1995.
Wednesday, September 18, 2019
Sex- Based Migration in Black Bears (Ursus americanus) Introduction: Ursus americanus, the American black bear is the most common of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s bear species, about up to twelve times more abundant than grizzly or brown bears. They usually occupy forested areas but their habitats are highly variableÃ¢â¬â from the Louisiana Bayou to the Labrador Tundra, and the Northwestern rain forests in between. (Wilson & Ruff, 1999) American black bears are hunted legally seasonally due to their widespread population and distribution. However, with the increase in deforestation for industrialization in the Tri-State (New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania) area, the habitat loss could have adverse effects on the black bear populations. An interference with their natural territory could lead to alteration in the dispersal patterns. (Dixon, Wooten, McCown, Oli, Eason, & Cunningham, 2007) Black bears are omnivorous and although a part of their diet consists of meat and insects, they primarily rely on fruits and nuts for their diet. Therefore, a plantÃ¢â¬â¢s annual cycle of fruiting is tied to a bearÃ¢â¬â¢s annual behavior and its physiological cycle. (Wilson & Ruff, 1999) Bears tend to congregate and gather in an area with an abundance of food and occasionally return time and again to areas with ease of access to foods- like dumpsters. (North American Bear Center) Despite this, black bear dispersal is not reliant on local food shortages in population densities that have been observed. (Rogers, 1987) There are other factors influencing the dispersal and migrations of black bears which have been studied. Urus americanus are not known to monogamous and mate promiscuously. (Rogers, 1987) Males mate with more than one female and disperse more, sometimes looking for oth... ... cubs will be expected to be found closer to or at their initial home range. If however, a larger number of female bearÃ¢â¬â¢s DNA is collected farther than their home ranges, it could imply that previous studies bases solely on observation or mark and recapture methods were inaccurate due to the limited populations that were sampled. An observation of this nature could imply that sows dispersed farther in search for new mates or safer dens for their cubs rather than males who were expected to wander away. More likely though, this observation could be an exception to the rule or just flawed collection and processing techniques. Providing that the study conducted is not faulty, it will supply important information regarding dispersal patters of the American black bear. Even the data gathered in the course of this study can be used for further research on Ursus americanus.
Tuesday, September 17, 2019
Manatee, common name for each of three species of a large water mammal, popularly called a sea cow because it grazes on marine grasses and other water plants. The Amazonian manatee ranges throughout the Amazon River basin in South America; the West African manatee occurs in rivers and coastal waters of tropical West Africa; and the West Indian, or Caribbean, manatee is found in rivers and coastal waters from the southeastern United States and the Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean Sea and northeastern Brazil. An adult manatee has a rounded body, usually colored light to dark gray or black, that tapers to a horizontally flattened, rounded tail. It is 2.5 to 4.5 m (8 to 14 ft) long, depending on the species, and weighs 200 to 600 kg (440 to 1300 lb). The small head includes a straight snout and a cleft upper lip with bristly hairs. Its nostrils, set on the upper surface of the snout, are closed tightly by valves when the animal is under water. The paddlelike forelimbs are set close to th e head; no external hind limbs exist. Massive, heavy bones and long, narrow lungs, which extend through the entire body cavity, give the manatee evenly distributed buoyancy. A manatee cow gives birth about a year after mating; usually a single, pink calf is born.Manatees live in small family groups, although they occasionally travel in herds of 15 to 20. They feed in both freshwater and salt water, grazing for six to eight hours a day. An adult consumes an amount equal to between 5 and 10 percent of its body weight daily. Manatees have a slower metabolism than other mammals of similar size, which sharply reduces their energy requirements. This is especially important for Amazonian manatees when waters recede after floods, confining some for extended periods in shallow waters away from plants on river banks. Manatees have few natural enemies because of their size. However, their population has been reduced significantly by heavy hunting for hides, meat, and blubber oil, and they are frequently injured or killed in collisions with boats. Manatees :: essays research papers Manatee, common name for each of three species of a large water mammal, popularly called a sea cow because it grazes on marine grasses and other water plants. The Amazonian manatee ranges throughout the Amazon River basin in South America; the West African manatee occurs in rivers and coastal waters of tropical West Africa; and the West Indian, or Caribbean, manatee is found in rivers and coastal waters from the southeastern United States and the Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean Sea and northeastern Brazil. An adult manatee has a rounded body, usually colored light to dark gray or black, that tapers to a horizontally flattened, rounded tail. It is 2.5 to 4.5 m (8 to 14 ft) long, depending on the species, and weighs 200 to 600 kg (440 to 1300 lb). The small head includes a straight snout and a cleft upper lip with bristly hairs. Its nostrils, set on the upper surface of the snout, are closed tightly by valves when the animal is under water. The paddlelike forelimbs are set close to th e head; no external hind limbs exist. Massive, heavy bones and long, narrow lungs, which extend through the entire body cavity, give the manatee evenly distributed buoyancy. A manatee cow gives birth about a year after mating; usually a single, pink calf is born.Manatees live in small family groups, although they occasionally travel in herds of 15 to 20. They feed in both freshwater and salt water, grazing for six to eight hours a day. An adult consumes an amount equal to between 5 and 10 percent of its body weight daily. Manatees have a slower metabolism than other mammals of similar size, which sharply reduces their energy requirements. This is especially important for Amazonian manatees when waters recede after floods, confining some for extended periods in shallow waters away from plants on river banks. Manatees have few natural enemies because of their size. However, their population has been reduced significantly by heavy hunting for hides, meat, and blubber oil, and they are frequently injured or killed in collisions with boats.
Monday, September 16, 2019
Denise K. Steen February 28, 2012 English 102 Option #2 Reflections Within is a non-traditional stanzaic poem made up of five stanzas containing thirty-four lines that do not form a specific metrical pattern. Rather it is supported by its thematic structure. Each of the five stanzas vary in the amount of lines that each contain. The first stanza is a sestet containing six lines. The same can be observed of the second stanza. The third stanza contains eight lines or an octave. Stanzas four and five are oddly in that their number of lines which are five and nine.Beginning with the first line in the first stanza, Ã¢â¬Å"The Earth's cool breeze spoke to meÃ¢â¬ , the meter examined within this line is trimeter, containing seven syllables, iambic and anapestic. The second line in the stanza, Ã¢â¬Å"He said, Ã¢â¬Å"Come to be free,Ã¢â¬ also trimeter, continues with the iambic syllable and introduces a trochee within its six syllables. The formal characteristics of the first two lines i n conjunction with its text suggests a seemingly serene beginning with a hint of possibility that something is about to change. For example, the meter is the same and the structure of the syllables in each line are similar with slight differences.The third line, Ã¢â¬Å"fly with me, in my winds over the seas. Ã¢â¬ contains five feet of meter or pentameter, where the pyrrhic syllable is introduced to accompany the previously introduced trochee and iambic syllables in this nine syllable line. The continuance of the second sentence into line three and then closes after Ã¢â¬Å"seasÃ¢â¬ , paired with the change in meter, suggests the end of consistency and a rise in to what is to come. Ã¢â¬Å"Be the element that I need. Ã¢â¬Å", the fourth , eight syllable line, is written in trimeter with trochee and anapestic syllables.This line returns us to the familiar feeling of the first two lines repeating the trimeter with trochee and anapestic syllables that are present there. The fifth lin e, Ã¢â¬Å"Without you, turbulent winds I stirÃ¢â¬ , nine iambic, spondee and anapestic syllables are written in tetrameter. The last line of the first stanza, Ã¢â¬Å"calling my anger from above striking the Earth. Ã¢â¬ is written in hexameter, containing twelve syllables of trochee, iambic and pyrrhic meters. The fifth and sixth line combined contain all of the syllables used in the first four lines of the stanza; iambic, trochee, spondee, anapestic and pyrrhic.This combination suggests the importance of all the elements of the first four lines and likewise are repeated here. Unlike the chaotic scheme of meter throughout the first stanza, the rhyme scheme is more consistent. Masculine rhyme is present here with an end rhyme of aabbcc; me, free, seas, need, stir, Earth. This more consistent pattern continues into the second stanza. In the next six lines of the second sestet the pattern becomes clearly parallel to its text. The seventh line, Ã¢â¬Å"As I refused, the sky started t o poundÃ¢â¬ , is measured in pentameter with iambic and pyrrhic syllables.The eighth line, Ã¢â¬Å"and I wondered if his love would ever be found. Ã¢â¬Å", repeats the pentameter and the iambic syllable but drops the pyrrhic and is replaced by the anapestic syllable. The difference in the softness of the pyrrhic two unstressed syllables and the anapest, two unstressed syllables followed by a sharper stressed syllable is symbolic of the text, exhibiting compassion during chaos. The ninth line, Ã¢â¬Å"I believe when the first laser like lightning cracked the skyÃ¢â¬ , fourteen syllables in hexameter with iambic, anapest and an added spondee syllable suggests a rise in the event. The tenth line, Ã¢â¬Å"the Earth's atmosphere surely died. exhibits a decline in its eight syllables from its previous fourteen. There is also a drop in meter from hexameter, six feet, to tetrameter of four feet. Lastly, a drop in the type of syllables in these two lines leaves us with the iambic and sponde e. These obvious declines in the formal characteristics of the text are synonymous to a decline in life or simply death. Again in the eleventh and twelth lines of the second stanza, Ã¢â¬Å"Dirt gray clouds filtered the air above, And just as I began to cry,Ã¢â¬ we see a repeated pattern of the tetrameter and again the iambic, anapestic and spondee syllables while dropping the anapest in the twelth line.This symbolizes the familiar that is about to proceed in the text. The rhyme scheme in the second stanza ddeefg brings us to an end in the texts' relation to the Earth's cool breeze just as the rhyme pattern discontinues from its previous flow, aabbcc. The third stanza which marks the middle of the poem begins, Ã¢â¬Å"The Ocean said, Come flow freely with meÃ¢â¬ with ten syllables written in pentameter accompanied by iambic, spondee and trochee syllables. A steady rhythm in meter is noted in the next four lines which declines to trimeter for all four lines. Line fourteen, Ã¢â¬Å "and the creatures in my seas. contains pyrrhic, trochee and anapestic syllables. The fifteenth line in trimeter, Ã¢â¬Å"Here your tears will disappear,Ã¢â¬ contains for the first time in the poem, a dactyllic syllable accompanied by the iambic syllable. Line sixteen, Ã¢â¬Å"and your worries will cease. Ã¢â¬ contains again the iambic syllable now accompanied by the pyrrhic syllable. The last line in the series of trimeter lines is line seventeen which states, Ã¢â¬Å"Be the element that I need. Ã¢â¬Å". concludes the metered pattern. In lines fourteen through seventeen the meter is measured the same, however there is a new element added to the syllables previously used in the beginning stanzas.The repeated trimeter is suggestive of familiar situation but the new syllable is symbolic of the relation to the new element in the text, the Ocean. A change, line eighteen, Ã¢â¬Å"Without you, dangerous waters will come to the shores,Ã¢â¬ spikes with its thirteen syllables written in an inclined meter of pentameter and includes a mesh of anapest, dactyl, pyrrhic and iambic syllables indicating a heightening of awareness or danger. Line nineteen continues, Ã¢â¬Å"calling the pain from my ocean floorsÃ¢â¬ , declines to tetrameter while still containing a mess of syllables, the dactyl, trochee, spondee and iambic, suggesting a heed in warning.The twentieth line concludes, Ã¢â¬Å"and the Earth's land will be no more. Ã¢â¬Å", declines to eight syllables written in tetrameter now only including the pyrrhic, spondee and iambic syllables is suggestive of a last reasonable plea before chaos begins again. The rhyme scheme in the third stanza is not one of an established category, hh (end rhyme: me, seas) ii (internal rhyme: tears, disappear) hh (end rhyme) jjj (end rhyme: shores, floors, more). There is almost an asymmetrical balance in the third stanza between the consistent formal characteristics such as the repeated meter and rhyme scheme to the variance in usage o f syllables.Both are about equal in presence suggesting that peace exists within the chaos of the text. In the fourth stanza we will observe how the text begins to transcend through its formal characteristics and signals a coming to a close or better phrased, resolution. The twenty first line continues, Ã¢â¬Å"As I rejected the offer he had for meÃ¢â¬ , a familiar variation of line seven, is written in hexameter with iambic, pyrrhic and trochee syllables. The next line, Ã¢â¬Å"White waves began to crash rythmicallyÃ¢â¬ lowers to tetrameter and contains nine syllables, spondee, iambic and dactyl.Here the recession in meter is suggestive in comparison to the text and signals to the reader a familiar situation seen earlier in the text. Line twenty three continues on, Ã¢â¬Å"and just as I began to swimÃ¢â¬ , eight syllables written in tetrameter, again, accompanied only by pyrrhic and iambic syllables signifies a hault in the pace of the text, another change, a possible resolutio n. Line twenty four reveals a slight change, Ã¢â¬Å"A beam of light struck through and withinÃ¢â¬ , although the meter is the same as the last, the pyrrhic syllable is dropped and the anapest is added while continuing with the iambic syllable.The last line in the stanza continues, Ã¢â¬Å"the clouds and shown down on the Ocean's body. Ã¢â¬Å", one step up from tetrameter to the supporting pentameter and a few added syllables as seen before, the pyrrhic, iambic, trochee and anapestic. Stable with a slight change in formal characteristics indicates a window of hope, an open door or a light at the end of the tunnel, when compared to its subject matter. It is here where transcendence truly begins to make an appearance. The rhyme scheme in the fourth stanza is much like the pattern in the first stanza with one exception.The pattern seen here in the fourth is as follows: kkllm (me-rhythmically, swim-within, body). There is no pairing rhyme for m. Suggesting that the subject has lost some thing between the first and the fourth stanza. The final and fifth elongated stanza of nine lines begins, Ã¢â¬Å"It was the Earth's mother star and she said,Ã¢â¬ , in ten syllables of pentameter with trochee and iambic syllables. The twenty seventh line, Ã¢â¬Å"Yield your fear and dry up that tearÃ¢â¬ , has eight syllables presented in tetrameter, one less than the previous line, and one more type of syllable accompanies trochee and iambic, the spondee.The meters difference and the difference of the syllables can be interpreted as an intoduction to something new, Earth's mother star. Line twenty eight continues the statement, Ã¢â¬Å"that runs down your red cheek. Ã¢â¬Å", again a lesser amount of meter is found here as it is written in trimeter and accompanied by two types of syllables, the trochee and spondee. A slowing in the meter of these first three lines in the last stanza prepares the reader for its ending, the final resolution.In line twenty nine, Ã¢â¬Å"This is all just a freak of Nature's selfish waysÃ¢â¬ , the meter again rises to hexameter and introduces again a hodge podge of syllables, the pyrrhic, trochee, iambic and spondee which is suggestive of the mess Ã¢â¬Å"NatureÃ¢â¬ is in. Line thirty serves as a clearing of the way, Ã¢â¬Å"So understand these and the ones in youÃ¢â¬ written in pentameter, a decline in meter, indicating a coming to a close. Syllables trochee, spondee and iambic remain indicating stability to come. Lines thirty one through thirty four share a common meter, trimeter. However, their syllables vary slightly in each.For instance, line thirty one, Ã¢â¬Å"and the sky once again will be blueÃ¢â¬ written with only anapestic measures. Line thirty two, Ã¢â¬Å"Understand the Ocean's painÃ¢â¬ , simply the iambic and anapestic syllables. In line thirty three, Ã¢â¬Å"and he too will remain tameÃ¢â¬ has an added syllable and consists of the anapest, pyrrhic and spondee supportive of a conclusion, a means to an end. A nd finally line thirty four of the five stanzas, Ã¢â¬Å"For these are reflections within. Ã¢â¬ in finish is settled with the repetative trimeter in eight even syllables of iambic and anapestic syllables suggesting peace, it is now over.The rhyme scheme in the fifth stanza is again unfamiliar. It is constructed as such: n-oo(internal rhyme fear, tear) pp(internal rhyme cheek, freak) q-rr(end rhyme you,blue) ss(end rhyme pain,tame) t. This unusual rhyme scheme is reflective of the texts chaotic events. The overall physical structure of the text supports a theme based on transcendence through nature. No two stanzas are alike. There is constant change in the formal characteristics as well as the text itself. Although it would seem that the chaos of these characteristics would make no sense, it makes perfect sense.There is chaos in the text so why shouldn't there be in the poem's structure? We will now explore the literary devices used throughout the poem and relate them with the domi nant patterns of imagery of Reflections Within. Synesthesia is the first device noted in the first line of the poem. Mixing the sense of feel, Ã¢â¬Å"The Earth's cool breeze, spoke to meÃ¢â¬ , and the audible sense is combined with the use of imagery. Personification is present here by giving air the human ability to speak. The Ã¢â¬Å"cool breezeÃ¢â¬ suggests what type of atmosphere the subject is experiencing. He said, Come to be free, fly with me in my winds over the seas. Ã¢â¬Å", suggesting the capacity to submit to feeling and be led by it to transcendence. Ã¢â¬Å"Be the element that I need. Ã¢â¬ Element, the word is used here as a connotation synonymous to Ã¢â¬Å"loveÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"Without you turbulent winds I stir,Ã¢â¬ uses kinetic imagery to show motion and suggests change from love to violence. Continuing on to the closure of the first stanza, Ã¢â¬Å"calling my anger from above striking the Earth. Ã¢â¬Å", expressionism is clear here in that this line attempts to portray inner experience characterized by extreme mood or feeling with violent exaggeration.In this first stanza the atmosphere has set the mood that something is uneasy, that there is a conflict or a problem even if unclear at this stage. The second stanza continues the conflict in its first and second lines, Ã¢â¬Å"As I refused, the sky started to pound, and I wondered if his love would ever be found. Ã¢â¬ suggests a sense of helplessness by the subjects' inability to console the pain of the Earth's cool breeze. Ã¢â¬Å"I believe when the first laser like lightning cracked the sky, the Earth's atmosphere surely died. Ã¢â¬ several literary devices are used here such as the onomatopoeia Ã¢â¬Å"crackedÃ¢â¬ resembling the sound that lightning makes.Another connotation is observed in Ã¢â¬Å"atmosphereÃ¢â¬ used in place of Ã¢â¬Å"heartÃ¢â¬ . Personification is repeated here in giving the Earth the sense of life through death and dying. The smoothness of the rhyme scheme up until this point in the text is consistent until the next two lines interfere with the structure. Ã¢â¬Å"Dirt gray clouds flitered the air above,Ã¢â¬ again a change is indicated here suggesting that a new setting is approaching. Ã¢â¬Å"And just as I began to cry,Ã¢â¬ suggests a sense of helplessness again in that the situation is familiar and unchanging or worsening.Turning to the third stanza the subject finds themselves again in a familiar situation with the Ocean, cornered . Ã¢â¬Å"The Ocean said, Come flow freely with me, and the creatures in my seasÃ¢â¬ synethesia is evident in the Ocean's ability to speak and make an offering. Ã¢â¬Å"Here your tears will disappear, and your worries will cease. Ã¢â¬ a promise of security. Ã¢â¬Å"Be the element that I need. Ã¢â¬ the same connotation made of the word element previously, stands firm here as well. In return, the Ocean asks for love. Ã¢â¬Å"Without you dangerous waters will come to the shores, calling the pain from my ocean floors and the Earth's land will be no more. A condition to the offering, conditional love, which is not truly love at all if it is consequential. This suggests that things aren't quite what they seem in this serene image of ocean waters. This central stanza recalls a similar situation from the first two verses supporting the relationship between the self and nature. It also marks the central high point or climax which eventually must descend. Ã¢â¬Å"As I rejected the offer he had for me,Ã¢â¬ a variation of the familiar line seven, suggests the beginning of another familiar problem, rejection, in the first line of the fourth stanza. White waves began to crash rhythmicallyÃ¢â¬ , kinetic imagery is used here in the word rhythmically which gives motion to the entire phrase suggesting change. There is a change in the mood of the Ocean from calm and serene to violent waves. Ã¢â¬Å"CrashÃ¢â¬ is used as an onomatopoeia, as the sound waves would make when Ã¢â¬Å"crashingÃ¢ â¬ upon one another. Ã¢â¬Å"And just as I began to swimÃ¢â¬ , we have now transcended in nature from flying with the winds to swimming in the seas, hence, transcending through nature to locate the genuine. Ã¢â¬Å"A beam of light struck through and withinÃ¢â¬ suggestive of a glimmer of hope, the Ã¢â¬Å"lightÃ¢â¬ . Through and withinÃ¢â¬ , symbolic of the heart or soul, the genuine. Ã¢â¬Å"The clouds and shown down on the Ocean's bodyÃ¢â¬ , resolution! The light revealing the Ocean's body puts a stop to its misbehavior, like a child when caught bullying a sibling. This beginning of a resolution signals the root of the subjects' dilemna. Ã¢â¬Å"It was the Earth's mother star and she said,Ã¢â¬ , again an inatimate object is given human characteristics in speaking, symbolizing personification. Security can be suggestive of the mother star as it is located Ã¢â¬Å"aboveÃ¢â¬ all else and is given a godly sense. One that is reveared with power, love, sterness and compassio n.The same as a loving parent or Ã¢â¬Å"motherÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"Yield your fear and dry up that tear, that runs down your red cheekÃ¢â¬ , just as a mother would wipe the tears from a crying child's eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"This is all just a freak of nature's selfish waysÃ¢â¬ here the transcendence between the self and nature come together. Ã¢â¬Å"So understand these and the one's in you, and the sky once again will be blueÃ¢â¬ is suggestive of oneness with nature, or one in the same, the self. Ã¢â¬Å"Understand the Ocean's pain, and he too will remain tameÃ¢â¬ , personification is given again to the Ocean giving it the ability to understand or feel pain.This line also exhibits oneness with nature. Ã¢â¬Å"For these are reflections within. Ã¢â¬ could suggest dramatic monologue being that it is unknown if the author intended to reveal that the reactions of the earthly elements were deeply rooted in the self. This romantic didactic poem shows us that one may have control over what happe ns around them depending on thier outlook on life and how one handles their emotions. Moving on to examining the formal characteristics of William Wordsworth's poem, I wandered lonely as a cloud which shares a common theme with the previous poem Reflections Within, transcendence through nature.I wandered lonley as a cloud is a romantic stanzaic poem consisting of four stanzas each made up of a sestet or six lines for a total of twenty four lines. The first five lines, I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high o'er vales and hills When all at once I saw a crowd, A host of golden daffodils, Beside the lake, beneath the trees, are all written in iambic tetrameter. A change is indicated at the end of the stanza when the metered pattern changes as does the rhyme scheme simultaneously. Line six, Ã¢â¬Å"Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. Ã¢â¬ is nine syllables written in tetrameter accompanied now by an anapest and iambic syllables.The change in rhyme scheme from abab ending t he stanza in cc represents the stable basis that will be repeated throughout the transcendence of the text. The same is noted for the end rhyme scheme of the text per each stanza. The second stanza, Continuous as the stars that shine And twinkle on the milky way, They stretched in never-ending line Along the margin of a bay: alternates between nine and eight syllables, consistent in the rhyme scheme here as dede. All four lines are identical to the formal structure of the previous tetrameter measured lines in the first stanza.However, there is a notable change in the existence of syllables besides the iamb such as the anapest, pyrrhic, trochee, dactyl, and spondee which includes all possible combinations of syllables, suggesting that the text reaches beyond the tangable, including all things, the universe. Lines eleven and twelve of the second stanza stand again as a steady base, Ten thousand saw I at a glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. to support the previous four lin es with its double end rhyme scheme gg, accompanied by eight syllables per line, also written in tetrameter to reinforce the supporting repeated pattern of the subject in text.The third stanza, The waves beside them danced; but they Out-did the sparkling waves in glee; A poet could not but be gay, In such jocund company; I gazed Ã¢â¬â and gazed- but little thought What wealth the show to me had brought: again continues the same previous pattern of end rhyme, hihijj. Still consistent with the meter measured as tetrameter. Again a conglomorant of syllables are used such as the iamb, pyrrhic, spondee and a trochee which suggests the continuing of the worldly idea and that everything is in place just as it was intended, the way nature intended it. The last stanza in sestet,For oft, when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils. reverts back to th e structure seen in the first stanza written in iambic tetrameter which is similar to the texts' suggestive flashback. Keeping the flow of the rhyme scheme to its completedness, klklmm is suggestive of a repeated pattern, similar to the subject of the text, a place to be revisited. The overall structure of this text is very organized with regular meter and rhyme.Similar in the way that nature also has a specific order. Transcendence does not make itself obvious here in the physical structure, rather it makes somewhat of a circle reverting back to its original state, similar in the way that nature rejuvinates itself. Wordsworths' words in this text are used as a capacity to submit to feeling and be led by it to transcendence through the use of literary devices and dominant patterns of imagery which we will now examine. The first line, Ã¢â¬Å"I wandered lonely as a cloudÃ¢â¬ establishes personification, as if a cloud would purposefully think to wander such as a person might do. Tha t floats on high o'er vales and hillsÃ¢â¬ , the beginning of a presented journey. Ã¢â¬Å"When all at once I saw a crowd,Ã¢â¬ suggests change or something new and exciting. Ã¢â¬Å"A host, of golden daffodils,Ã¢â¬ a host, suggests a party of people. Perhaps a Ã¢â¬Å"crowdÃ¢â¬ of people at a gathering. Ã¢â¬Å"Beside the lake, beneath the treesÃ¢â¬ , suggestive of an out-door event, a reunion or union of such. Ã¢â¬Å"Fluttering and dancing in the breezeÃ¢â¬ allows the image to become kinetic in setting motion to the Ã¢â¬Å"crowdÃ¢â¬ of daffodils that are fluttering and dancing amongst themselves, as socialites do at a wedding. Continuous as the stars that shine, And twinkle on the milky wayÃ¢â¬ , suggests an imagery of beauty that goes far beyond what the eye can see. Ã¢â¬Å"They stretched in never-ending line, along the margin of the bay;Ã¢â¬ suggests a pause as if they were waiting for something. Ã¢â¬Å"Ten thousand saw I at a glance,Ã¢â¬ suggests a feeling of being overwhelmed by the sight and therefor is exaggerated. Ã¢â¬Å"Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. Ã¢â¬ uses kinetic imagery to suggest again change. This imagery could be symbolic of bachelorettes waiting in line to catch the bouquet, to make the transformation from bachelorette to bride.The sprightly motion is a feminine suggestion that supports this image. Ã¢â¬Å"The waves beside them danced; but they Out-did the sparkling waves in gleeÃ¢â¬ suggests that even the beauty of the water was no match for the joy of the daffodils. Ã¢â¬Å"A poet could not but be gay, In such a jocund company;Ã¢â¬ again the insinuation of a group suggests people, in this case of good company. Ã¢â¬Å"I gazed Ã¢â¬â and gazed but little thought What wealth the show to me had broughtÃ¢â¬ suggests that the subject took the moment for granted and like the fourth stanza, the moment comes to an end. For oft when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood,Ã¢â¬ suggests that we are back in the atmosphere of the first stanza wandering lonely as a cloud. Ã¢â¬Å"They flash upon that inward eyeÃ¢â¬ , a connotation of Ã¢â¬Å"inward eyeÃ¢â¬ locates the genuine here, flashing back to the imagination or the mind. Ã¢â¬Å"Which is the bliss of solitudeÃ¢â¬ , suggests that the subject is content with being alone, not restrained by the ties of marriage, enititled to private thought and to think whatever one should want. And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodilsÃ¢â¬ suggests that the subject returns to the nature of being man and appreciates the beauty in nature, be it flower or woman, he has the option to pick from this metaphor. The conclusion of the text recycles the subject back to the familiarity of the beginning text. Transcendence through nature in this text reflects the relationship between the self and the beauty of nature. Reflections Within and I wandered lonely as a cloud are two poems that share the common theme, transcend ence through nature.The major differences between the two text is that the subject in Reflections Within does not achieve being at one with nature until the end of the poem and is supported by its chaotic line structure and variances in syllables and meter. Whereas the second texts' subject is completely at one with nature throughout the entirety of its text and is mirrored in the confindence of the repeated line structure, rhyme scheme and meter. The main focus of both subjects is escape however they differ in motivation. While one subject is trying to escape the negative nature of self, the other escapes to nature in positive imagery.Locating the authentic in both of these texts also differs. The genuine in Wordworth's poem is located in the head or the mind of the subject. The authentic or genuine is located in the heart of the subject of Reflections Within. Both texts are similar in the elements of nature that are used in order to transcend the character through nature such as t he breeze, stars and water or waves. Both texts treat nature with human characteristics such as speaking, dancing and many other motions which are necessary to transcend. Overall both texts treat nature as a source for authenticity and spiritual refreshment.
Sunday, September 15, 2019
This will be based on the weaknesses, strengths, threats and opportunities of the organization along with the toothpaste brand line of Pepsodent will be assessed. In addition, further information on the current market share, sale, and profitability of Pepsodent in the scope of PESTEL analysis will be provided. At the conclusion of the first section the competitive advantage of Pepsodent will be declared. The subsequent section entails a recommended strategy of marketing employing marketing tools like targeting, positioning and segmentation, the marketing mix as well as SMART objectives. This is as a result of an extremely effective strategy of marketing of the organization formerly. However, principally in an environment that is competitive, such as the personal care sector it is fundamental for Pepsodent that it advances its marketing as well as organizational approaches so as to meet consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s demands (Budavari, et al. 1996). In addition, these days a wide array of diverse toothpaste brands is provided to the consumer (eHow, 2012). This in general implies that Pepsodent is obliged to distinguish its merchandise from the competitorÃ¢â¬â¢s commodities by being unique and innovative. Furthermore, the toothpaste market is developing continually which signifies that additional diverse demands and anticipations of the consumer will arise. As a result, Pepsodent should utilize marketing tools for instance, market segmentation to well recognize their needs so as to supply them with the fitting merchandise. The threats and opportunities recognized will serve as a foundation for the pinpointing strategy of marketing detailed in this report 3. 1. Political Factors: The government of United Kingdom endorses the just trading obligation for both internal and foreign manufacturers. UK has set regulations regarding issues like disposal of wastes and product safety. Pepsodent is dependent on local, provincial and international laws, rules and regulations. These laws and directives cover a range of areas like product claims, product safety, trademarks, patents, the environment, copyrights, employee health and safety, listing and disclosure, employment and taxes, and corporate governance (Pepsodent Official website, 2012). As a result of the extensive focus of Pepsodent in developing and emerging markets, whichever political transformations for instance, those in fiscal stimulus, foreign direct investment regulation or adjustments in taxation or tariffs could have a great impact on the operations of Pepsodent in the nation. Pepsodent is obliged to engage in constant scanning not just to mitigate political threats, however, to take hold of and seek out novel, appealing openings for political inducements. 3. 2. Economic Factors: United Kingdom is the biggest economy in the planet and third largest in Europe. In the time of recession UK is in its worst time. Organizations are not investing but doing terminations that is why consumer markets are reducing and individuals are losing their power to purchase. The market environment of Pepsodent is turning out to be highly competitive particularly in the United Kingdom. Macro-economic atmosphere is highly tentative which has had an effect on the micro-economic environment in addition, by generating a fear among regular buyers (Watson, Lysonski, Gillan& Raymore, 2002). Buyers would not wish to purchase a costly product as a result of current tides of the economy. Rivalry in United Kingdomhas become so strong that Pepsodent is encountering difficulties in a number of regions. Economic turn down in business in an economic decline has resulted in consumer and supplier default. The business of Pepsodent is reliant on constant customer demands for its brands. Diminished customer capital influenced by harsh economic circumstances has resulted in customers turning out to be incapable (Bloch, Satish andÃ Robert, 2007)or unwilling to acquire Pepsodent products, which has profoundly had an effect on the cash flow, profit margins, turnover, and profits. 3. 3. Social Factors: Social aspects entail the cultural aspects. Socio-cultural aspects UK vary from region to region. This entails: age, education, way of life, and religion(Bang and Joshi, 2008). Pepsodent has structured a well-built corporate repute for numerous years,continuous concentration on societal aspects, as well as encouraging sustainable development and usage of resources that are renewable. The intention of Pepsodent is to assist people look bright, feel well and achieve a lot out of life with services and brands that suitable for them and suitable for the rest too. Pepsodent has effectively maintained standards that are high for the design and creation of merchandise that are harmless for end users.
The Bible has long been teaching people about the value and importance of life. For thousands of years, the Bible has been solid in its advocacy on doing what is best for the life of humanity and all other living creatures in the world. However, while human beings innovated new ways of life and new ways of doing things, cultures was born, and often, these cultures are not in complimentary to GodÃ¢â¬â¢s words as written in the Bible. With the advent of industrialization, scientific era and the world wide connections and globalization, people tend to acquire not just ways of doing things easier but also of making life easier to destroy. People forgot the original message of God and went on doing things that belittle life in all its forms. According to Toynbee and Ikeda (2008), the 20th century has been a very devastating era in human history. This is because of the many untold miseries that humans have confronted for adhering to culture to the extreme. Take for example the culture of globalization that is now a worldwide phenomenon. Globalization according to Gunton (2004) is simply the opening of barriers to information, market, labor and the like. Globalization gave people the power to have a global village, enabling different countries to connect freely with each other. Despite the benefit of this culture of openness, globalization has also brought so much sufferings especially to the poor people who were the subject for labor violations, discrimination and all forms of violence that are forbidden in the Bible. The culture of openness and limitless access brought about by globalization has also created a threat to human security as seen in the September 11 incident in the United States of America. This case according to Corson and Pearcey (2004) negates the importance of life as emphasized in the Bible. Technological advances in the other hand, also served as a catalyst for a much wider scale of destruction. Culture and GodÃ¢â¬â¢s words oftentimes do not match, but it is up to human beings to make a balance on their commitment to value life while at the same time adhere to culture. References Colson, C. and Pearcey, N. (2004). How now shall we live. New York. Tyndale House Publishers. Gunton, C. (2004). The one, the three, and the many: God, creation, and the culture of modernity. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. Toynbee, A. and Ikeda, D. (2008). Choose Life: A dialogue. New York: I. B. Tauris and Co. Ltd.
Saturday, September 14, 2019
How far do you agree that the new Weimar Republic was seriously threatened by political extremists in the years 1919-24? (30 marks) Between the years 1919 and 1924 the Weimar Republic experienced many threats against its new democratic regime, however it could be argued that none of the threats ever truly had the ability or support required to overthrow the new state, therefore rendering the attempts by the political extremists as not that threatening. The Weimar Republic saw the end of the KaiserÃ¢â¬â¢s rule and the start of a new semi presidential and representative democratic ruling. Even dating back to the formation of Germany in 1870, the foundation of German Politics and power has always lain with the elites and middle class of the population. With the new Weimar Republic these elites were supposed to lose their power and control due to the democratic regime, however this did not actually happen. Therefore any political extremists that threatened the system, and in turn threatened the eliteÃ¢â¬â¢s power, were dealt with in harsh manners. During the trials from the 1920 Putch over seven hundred people went to trial however only one person was convicted and given five years in prison. Since the Putch would have been an act of treason, and under German law, the punishment should have been death, however the fact there was so little convictions and such lenient punishments suggests just how strong the eliteÃ¢â¬â¢s power still was and how strong the Weimar Republic would have been with the eliteÃ¢â¬â¢s power backing it, but they would only do this as long as things were benefiting them. The Kapp- LÃ ¼ttwitz Putch of 1920 did lead to an exposure of the armyÃ¢â¬â¢s reluctance to support the Weimar Republic due to the fact the army was ordered to act by Noske, the Defence Minister, however the leaders of the military refused to get involved and instead remained neutral. This therefore would have planted a seed of doubt into peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s minds as to how good the Republic would be as not even the army were going to protect it, which then would lead some people to feel unprotected and vulnerable, andÃ could have led to people turning against the democratic system and instead turning back to the old ways of running the country. Yet, this was not the case therefore suggesting that the Kapp- LÃ ¼ttwitz Putch did not pose as being that significant of a threat. The Munich Beer Hall Putch could be argued as being doomed from the start and therefore never truly being a serious threat. From the beginning and throughout it never had the support of the German people, with only a small number of people supporting their cause. Seeckt also used his powers to command the army to resist the Putch and with the combination of the Bavarian Police and the army the Putch was crushed easily with minimal deaths. However, in the end Hitler was arrested on charges of treason (again meaning the punishment under German law should have been death) and he only received a five year prison sentence yet he was released after just nine months. This again showed that the political power was with the elites and that the Weimar Republic was not as strong as first thought, yet the public were still willing to keep the democratic state in place and give it a chance to work. Therefore it could be argued that as long as people had a belief in the Weimar Republic and were willing to support it then any attempts by political extremists would never have been that successful and therefore they were never truly much of a threat. In conclusion, although the Weimar Republic did indeed experience many threats from political extremists, with some seemingly serious threats against it which showed the many flaws in the system such as the power of the elites and the armyÃ¢â¬â¢s standing in the new regime, yet none of the attempts had enough public support backing them to have a serious impact. They just didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have enough public support as people, especially of the working classes, believed in their new democratic system, and wanted to give it enough time to start to evoke changes that would benefit them in the long run. Therefore the attempts could not have had enough of an impact to name them as being serious threats against their new democratic state.
Friday, September 13, 2019
Bureaucracy - Essay Example These concepts include, hierarchy, jurisdictional competency, command and control, technical expertise, and system of rules, and written documentation. An organizational hierarchy is the Ã¢â¬Å"arrangement of the organization by level of authorityÃ¢â¬ in reference to the ranks above and below it (Grimsley 2014, para. 6). This therefore implies that in bureaucracy, there is existence of certain levels of authority ranging from the top level management to the normal employees. For instance, in a company a sales marketing director is below the overall chief executive officer (C.E.O), at the same level with the advertising marketing director and above the secretary. Therefore, this system dictates that each level should answer to the rank above it with the ultimate leader of the company at the very top of the hierarchy. Jurisdictional competency is another key concept of bureaucracy. Fundamentally, huge roles are broken down into smaller and simpler tasks which are then assigned to employees throughout the organization. This division of labor across the organization enables employees to master the skills and details of repetitive duties thereby increasing efficiency. However, though the division of labor could be highly proficient, Ã¢â¬Å"it can lead to a number of harmful organizational pathologiesÃ¢â¬ (Rockman 2013, para. 5). This implies that division of labor could at times turn out to be ineffective due to a number of reasons. For instance, employees can be unable to adequately respond to problems outside their areas of jurisdiction, and may approach them from their own perspective. This could lead to an overall destruction of the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s performance. Command and control is another key feature of bureaucracy that weber discussed. Due to the fact that a bureaucratic authority is organized hierarchically, Ã¢â¬Å"responsibility is taken at the top and delegated with decreasing discretion at the lower levels of the organizationÃ¢â¬ (Rockman 2013, para.
Thursday, September 12, 2019
Corporate Social Responsibility for Profit - Article Example Ã¢â¬Å"The Havas Media Lab underscores this transformation with a list based on a survey of 50,000 consumers worldwide who identified the companies they feel have the most Ã¢â¬ËmeaningfulÃ¢â¬â¢ CSRÃ¢â¬ (Levick, 2012). Corporate Social Responsibility is being used as a strategic approach by many Fortune 500 companies. Corporate social responsibility connects to the well being of the customers. Some companies such as Nike are taking a straight on approach to CRS. The firm instead of using celebrities to send a message about the quality of the shoe, they design the shoes in a manner that using their running shoes will actually improve the running experience for their customers. Integrating quality into the products is an effective way to satisfy the needs of the customers. In the past many companies thought the CRS was a program that should be considered an expense. This view has changed a lot in the 21st century as companies are realizing that there is a lot of value associated with the implementation of corporate social responsibility programs. There are companies that have adapted their philanthropic efforts to extend it beyond donating money and merchandise. Many companies today, including Leroy Merlin, are volunteering the time of their employees to help out in social causes. Protecting the environment is a way to show corporate social responsibility. The use of recycling programs and energy savings initiatives is a great way to show a company cares about the well-being of our planet. An industry that has is outperforming others in terms of corporate social responsibility is the electronics industry. Three companies that top the chart in terms of its corporate responsibility programs are IBM, Hewlett Packard, and Texas Instrument. Ã¢â¬Å"These sector-leading companies have pushed hard to highlight their greater focus on enhanced sustainable design, manufacturing, distribution, use, and end-of-use managementÃ¢â¬ (Levick, 2012). The utilization of CRS programs can help improve different aspects of a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s operations. The use of CRS programs can also help enhance a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s customer retention rate. Application of CRS topic for class Corporate social responsibility is a topic that is very important to learn about due to the fact that CRS can be used as a focus strategy for marketers of corporations. Customers worldwide have become more aware than ever about the actions of companies in regards to social and environmental issues. Back in the late 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s Nike showed a complete disregard for human suffering when they got involved in a sweetshop scandal. That scandal cost the company over half its sales in 1998. The reason that people pay close attention to the actions of corporations is because the corporate world holds more wealth than the combined wealth of all the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s countries. Whenever a company is involved in a good deed associated with corporate social responsibility it is the duty of the marke ting department to create awareness in the media about the efforts of the company. Green initiatives are a great way to win the hearts and support of the customers. There are tax incentives that can be used to lower the tax burden of the company. These tax shelters are available to companies that donate money or resources to good causes. In the United States customer expectation is higher than in other emerging economies. U.S. customers are more wiling
Wednesday, September 11, 2019
Week 2 Productivity Ctrl and - Essay Example Productive Activity Control (PAC) involves the conversion of plans into actions, revising the plans and actions intended to achieve the desired results and the report of the achieved results. PAC system, therefore, demands suitable prior planning of materials, orders, the personnel and the capacity requirements. PAC system manages materials, equipments and resources properly according to delivery or allocated time for specific orders (Adam & Sammon, 2003). PAC has three major functions which include order dispatching, release and progress reporting. Dispatching involves activation of orders according to the original plans, which can be affected by I/O control, queue management or the principles and techniques of prior control. Dispatching decision helps in managing queue length, lead-time, the scheduled order completion and work center idle time. Material Requirements Planning is the system essential in avoidance of the missing parts. MRP establishes a priority plan highlighting the require components at all levels of assembly according to lead times where it calculates the time when the components will be required. MRP has two main objectives which include requirementÃ¢â¬â¢s determination and keeping the priorities updated. The main aim of MRP system is to acquire right materials in desired quantities at the appropriate time in order to meet productÃ¢â¬â¢s demand of the firm. The MRP system should also be capable of expediting, changing, delaying, and deleting orders because of the daily changes of demand and supply. The feedback effects from PAC to MRP include warning signals and status information. Warning signals assists in material and capacity plans. MRP system should be fed with the plan and control of raw materials while in processing state (Adam & Sammon, 2003). Lead time is the overall period needed to produce an item, including queue time, order preparation time, move time, setup time, inspection time, run
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
Conflict within Mcdonalds - Essay Example Conflict can turn out to be either positive or negative depending on how it is managed. Conflict is part of our everyday life but conflict can turn out to be functional or negative depending on how the people involved in the conflict handle the conflict Van (Gramberg, 2005). This type of conflict is beneficial to McDonalds due to the fact that it supports the corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s goals. It helps to improve performance within the corporation by finding solutions to problems and listening to one another (Collins, & ORourke, 2009). A good example of a positive conflict within McDonalds is competition. This conflict can occur when sales agents within McDonalds compete to become the top sales person. The winner will feel motivated to work harder and the losers will feel even more motivated to become the best. This type of competition is beneficial to the organization as it helps the organization make more sales. These types of conflicts bring disagreements and disputes that affect the corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s performance. Such type of conflict causes rifts within various sections of the company (Van Gramberg, 2005). A good example of negative conflict within McDonalds is when an employee verbally, sexually or physical harasses another employee. This will bring bad blood between the employees and they will be unwilling to work together. This will affect their performance as well as the general performance of the organization. Organizational conflict can be caused by managerial expectations. This occurs when an employee is unable to meet the expectations of his or her manager. Communication breakdown is another cause of workplace conflict (Collins, & ORourke, 2009). This occurs when one department within McDonalds fails or is late in responding to information from another department. Misunderstanding information also causes workplace conflict.
Monday, September 9, 2019
Image Analysis - Essay Example Picture 2 is a (stauer) watch. The image is also an advertisement picture showing a stylish watch modeled from a 1922 watch. The watch features are clearly displayed as well as the watch price and reduction in price. The intended audience for the picture is all types of consumers. The advertiser promotes his products to consumers who may be shopping for a new watch as well as other non purpose consumers. This is because the language and the pictures are simple and not technical. The watch appearance has also been greatly enhanced. Almost all the features of the watch are visible without straining. Even the beads and the time pointers are clearly visible and enhanced. These enhancements makes the pictures make the pictures more appealing It is necessary to appeal the customer so as to make the product more appealing to targeted consumer. By making all the details of the watch visible as well as enhancing the picture so that it appears more shinny, the consumer is motivated to purchase the picture. The white font color against the blue background captivates the customer eye so that he/she can read the specific details. The flower leaves color have been changed from green and red to black. The flower has been altered not to give both the aesthetic features and also act as a dull background and make the shinny watches be more captivating. The top right part of the picture has been darkened to create an attractive image background. This helps in enhancing the picture as a single color background is not very appealing. The change in texture and color of the blue background makes the image more appealing to the customer. How the advertiser capture Need driven consumers These are customers driven to buy a product because they have an impeding need. Survivors The advertiser clearly indicates that the price of the product has gone down by a 25% this captures the attention survivors; a further reduction of 10 percent is added to capture the survivors. Sustainers The advertiser quotes the price of all the watches so that the need driven customer can check the most economical watch. The appealing colors also captivate and motivate the buyer. The two year warranty also